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高中英语十大高频动词词组,一篇搞定,三年都有用!

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本帖最后由 李倩家长 于 2018-9-6 13:49 编辑

动词(或谓语结构)是句子的灵魂。无论是对话还是段落,对句意的把握很大程度上依赖对句中谓语结构的理解。看似简单的小词只要搭配不同,其含义便有天壤之别。今天小天整理了高中阶段高频的10大动词词组,小伙伴们要牢记啊!

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1. Catch
catch a cold  感冒;受凉catch fire  着火;变得流行,火起来catch hold of  抓住catch on  流行;领会catch on to  理解catch one's breath喘气;休息catch one's eye /attention 引人注目/引起注意catch sight of  看见catch up with  赶上

2. Comecome along  过来;进展,发展come along with  随同come across  偶尔遇见,偶尔发现come at  袭击;拜见come by  从旁走过come around  到来/苏醒,恢复/改变看法或立场come around / round to  赞成;同意come back  回来/想起,记起come by获得,得到;拜访,串门come between 离间,使分开,使产生隔阂come down with  因……而病倒;患…病come down 流传come to the point  抓住要点come into contact with  与……接触come in for 遭到,受到(责备等):The reporter's work came in for criticism.come on  发生,赶快come off 发生,举行   come off it 别傻了,别闹笑话了,别出洋相了come out  发行;被告知;结果是;公开宣称come into operation  启用come to a standstill  停止come to a stop  停止;到站come to an end  结束come to light  真相大白;显露come true  梦想成真 come through 按要求(或期望)做:I asked for their help, and they came through.我向他们求助,他们就帮了我。come up to达到;符合;不辜负(live up to)come up with  提出;赶上come upon 偶然发现(或遇见)come a long way  取得进展;明显提高come all the way  远道而来;大老远跑来come in handy  迟早有用come into being  诞生,形成come out of  从(某场所)出来;出自come to one's mind  想起come to think of it  回头想起come to an agreement  达成协议come what may  无论如何

3. Dodo a favor  帮忙do good to  有益于do harm to  有害于do damage  使受到损失do (one) in 使精疲力竭;杀死do (one) out of 骗取:His partners did him out of his fair share of the money.他的生意伙伴把他该得的那笔钱骗走了。do away with  废除;去掉 do (one's) own thing 做自己最喜欢(最擅长的事)的事do or die 需要拼命,需要全力以赴do over  重做,返工;重新装饰(或装修)do one's best  竭尽全力

4. Getget across  穿过;清楚表达;使理解get accustomed to = get used to  习惯于get along  进展;相处;度日get at  暗示;够得着,触及;get away with  逃脱get bored doing  厌倦做某事 get by (勉强)对付过去,(勉强)过活;溜走;勉强过得去get down to  开始处理;开始认真对待  get down 使难过get hurt  受伤get one's hopes up  使某人产生希望get even with  扯平get going  开始get hold of  掌握;了解get in the way  挡道    get in 进入,被允许进入;到达get in touch with  与……建立联系get somewhere/nowhere  有(无)进展get off the ground  有所进展;突破  get off 被允许离开;逃脱惩罚,逃避义务;get on one's nerves  使……心烦 get on 和睦相处;变老;继续,继续进行,进步;
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5. Gogo about  流传;开始做(复杂的事);继续go after  追求;追逐go along 配合:she decided to go along with their plans for the surprise party.go around  足够供应,谣言流传;四处走动go beyond  超出;胜过go back on 违背(诺言等)go by  凭……判断;顺便拜访go down  下降;下跌;消肿;被记住(铭记)go Dutch  各付个的;AA制go in (into)  详细调查;从事go in for  赞成;参加(考试);热衷于go off  消失;变质;爆炸,发出响声go off on me 对我发脾气go on with = go ahead  继续go out  出去;泄密;过时;停止运转,熄灭;约会go out of one's way to do sth.不辞辛苦做...go over  参观;复习;仔细检查;被接受(得到赞许);go through  通过;经历;完成go through with 把…进行到底,完成,实现go steady (和某人)正式确定恋爱关系go up  上升;增长;上涨 go under 倒闭,失败,垮掉go all out  全力以赴;竭尽全力go out of business  歇业;停业 go without saying 不用说,不言而喻on the go 忙个不停的go through a lot of money  花了很多钱

6. Keepkeep an eye on sth.  照看;密切注视keep in mind  记住keep in touch with  与……保持联系keep pace with  与……同步前进keep off 避开keep back 隐瞒(信息),拒不告诉;保留,储存for keeps 永久地keep on (doing) 继续(做某事)keep one's finger crossed  祝……好运keep (one's) eyes open or peeled 密切注视keep (one's) head above water (通过持续努力)生存,继续;勉强对付keep track of  追踪;知道;理解keep (one's) sanity 保持镇静keep up with  跟上;继续keep up one's spirits  振作精神keep cool  保持冷静keep count on  保持联系keep sth. in mind  把……记在心上keep sb. from doing sth  阻止某人做某事keep(sth.)to oneself  不与人交往;保守某事keep one's opinion / idea to oneself  不把想法告诉别人

7. Makemake a fuss  大惊小怪;小题大做make advances  取得进展make war 发动战争make an effort  努力make a night of it  痛快的玩一晚make a day of it  做了一整天make a living  谋生make a comeback  东山再起make a face  扮鬼脸 make away with 拿走,偷走make a point of  坚持要make believe 假装,假扮make certain  肯定;确认make do 凑合,将就make ends meet  收支平衡make friends  交朋友make for 有利于,有助于make it  成功make light of 认为…不重要make much of 重视make the deadline  赶上最后期限make a fortune = make big bucks  挣大钱make no difference  毫无区别make a difference 有影响,有关系make out  辨认出;理解;填写make off with (迅速)拿走,偷走

8. Putput an end to = put a stop to  终止put aside  撇开put across 沟通,交流,被理解put away 把……放回原处;收起来put by 留存,积蓄put down  把……记下来;镇压;贬低,看不起;put forward  提出put off  延期put into practice  实践put on  穿上;上演put sth. in order  把……弄整齐put to use  使用put up举起;安顿;参与;建立put up with  容忍;忍受  put up to (doing)怂恿,唆使put out  熄灭;解雇;给…添麻烦,冒犯put out with  对某人生气put out by  由于某事而生气put through to  电话接通 put over on 欺骗,愚弄

9. Taketake action  采取行动take advantage of  利用take after  仿效;(相貌、脾气或性格)与…相似,像take care of  照顾take effect  生效take(sb.)for a ride 欺骗,蒙骗(某人)take charge of  负责;管理take in 接待;减小,改小;理解,明白;欺骗take into account = take account of  把……考虑进去take into consideration  考虑到take it easy 不要紧张;慢慢来take it for granted  把……当成理所当然take measures = take steps  采取措施;步骤take off  起飞take one's time doing sth.从容不迫做某事take over  接管;接收have what it takes 有能力,能够take part in  参加 take potshots at 拐弯抹角地批评,指桑骂槐take place  代替;发生,出现take out sth. on sb.  向某人出气take turns  轮流take up占有;着手take a break  休息,放松take a close look  仔细看一看

10. Turnturn around  转身at every turn 到处,时时in turn 轮流地→(反义)out of turnturn down  关小;拒绝turn in = hand in上交turn into  把……变成turn off  关闭turn away 把(某人)打发走 turn blue/green 冻得青紫/羡慕,嫉妒turn on  打开turn over  移交;再三考虑;翻转turn over a new leaf 改变,(尤指)改过自新turn to  翻到;转向;求助于turn(one's) stomach 使恶心;使作呕turn up  突然发现;找到;出现      turn up (one's) nose 拒绝turn out  结果是;培养;生产;打扮

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