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2014年牛津译林版八年级英语上册:Unit7 Seasons-讲义(含答案)

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Unit 7 Seasons
I bet you willlook cool and feel cool with nothing on.
句中bet是“确信”的意思。bet还有“打赌”的意思。you bet是“当然,没问题”的意思。
句中cool的含义:“酷的”;“凉快的,冷的”
cool down 平静下来
题一:
翻译:
你想和我打赌吗?
我断定他要迟到。
Bees andbutterflies play among flowers, then hide from the April showers.
She is standing______those people and I can’ t find her.
What are youhiding from?
句中的shower是“阵雨”的意思。shower还指“淋浴”。
take a shower和take a bath同义。
It was an awfulday!
awful是“糟糕的,讨厌的”意思。
题二:
翻译:
---你昨天看的电影怎么样?
---糟糕透了。
Everything iscovered in deep white snow, and the lakes and rivers are frozen.
be covered in/withsth. 表示“被某物覆盖”。
We throw snowballsat each other, screaming and laughing.
句中的screaming andlaughing是现在分词短语,在句中作___________。
题三:
翻译:
公园里长满了鲜花。
孩子们都跑出了教室,笑着,聊着。
他站在那儿半个小时了,看着天上的星星。
The leaves turngreen and the temperature rises quickly.
turn在句中是“变得...”的意思。常考短语有:turn in, turn up, turn down, turnon , turn off.
Snowstorms fromthe north will arrive in the late afternoon. The wind will be stronger and thetemperature will drop below zero, to -10℃.
动词及五种基本句型
动词可分为行为动词和系动词,在句中作___________。
基本句型 一
S +V(主+谓)
此句型的句子有一个共同特点:即句子的谓语动词都能表达完整的意思。
这类动词叫做不及物动词,后面可以跟副词、介词短语、状语从句等。
题四:
翻译:
时光流逝。
很多动物住在树上。
基本句型 二
S +V +P(主+系+表)
连系动词本身具有词意,但是意义不完整,后需接表语。
系动词分两类:be, look,feel, smell, taste, sound等属一类,表示情况;get, grow, become,turn, go等属另一类,表示变化。be 本身没有什么意义,只起连系主语和表语的作用。
题五:
翻译:
他看上去有些焦急。
春天到了,天气变得越来越暖和。
这本书很有意思。
基本句型 三
S +V +O(主+谓+宾)
此句型句子的共同特点是:谓语动词都具有实义,都是主语产生的动作,但不能表达完整的意思,必须跟有一个宾语,即动作的承受者,才能使意思完整。这类动词叫做及物动词。
题六:
翻译:
我喜欢香蕉。
谁知道答案?
基本句型 四
S +V +IO +O(主+谓+间宾+直宾)
此句型的句子有一个共同特点:谓语动词必须跟有两个宾语才能表达完整的意思。这两个宾语一个指人,一个指物,指人的是间接宾语,指物的是直接宾语。
通常在这一结构中,间接宾语可以改成一个由to/for引导的短语。
题七:
翻译:
她爸爸给她买了一本词典作为生日礼物。
我给了他一辆车。
基本句型 五
S +V +O +C(主+谓+宾+宾补)
此句型的句子的共同特点是:动词虽然是及物动词,但是只跟一个宾语不能表达完整的意思,必须再加上一个补充成分即补足宾语,才能使意思完整。
试着分析下列句子的成分。
The accidenthappened yesterday afternoon.
Everything looksdifferent.
He enjoys reading.
He showed me howto run the machine.
They painted thedoor green.
They found thehouse dirty.
题八:
翻译:
我看见她正在给花浇水。
你应该让屋子保持干净整洁。
我爸爸叫我马上回来。
题九:
能力提升与拓展
My friend is a taxi driver. He has been ataxi driver for ten years. It’s a nice job most of the time. He can meet a lotof people. He always works at night because there is too much traffic duringthe day. He usually goes home between two o’clock in the morning. There aresome very strange things, which often happen at night. One day my friend wastaking a woman back home from a party at three o’clock in the morning. She hadher little dog with her.
When they got toher house, she found she had lost her key. So my friend waited in the car withthe dog while she climbed in through the window. My friend waited and waited.After half an hour of honking he decided to find out what was going on. He tiedthe dog to a tree and started to climb in through the window.
    At that moment some policemen came. Theythought my friend was a thief. Luckily, the woman came downstairs. She musthave gone to sleep and forgotten about my friend and the dog.
1. The driveralways works at night because it is easier to .
A. drive
B. climb inthrough window
C. make money  
D. meet a lot ofpeople
2. The womanclimbed in through the window because .
A. she wanted tohave a sleep
B. her husbanddidn’t open the door for her
C. she didn’t wantto pay the money
D. she couldn’tfind her key
3. The storyhappened .
A. early in themorning     
B. late at night
C. outside thecity
D. near the busstation
4. Which of thefollowing is not true?
A. The driverworked until 2 or 3 o’clock in the morning.
B. The policemenmade a mistake.
C. The woman hadno money to pay.
D. The woman hadforgotten about the driver and the dog.
5. The driverclimbed in through the window to .
A. get money fromthe woman
B. phone thepolice
C. return the dogto the woman
D. see whathappened in the house
Unit 7 Seasons
讲义参考答案
题一:Do you want tobet? / Wanna bet?
I bet he will belate.
题二:How was themovie last night?
It was awful!
题三:The park iscovered with flowers.
The kids ran outof the classroom, laughing and talking.
He stood there forhalf an hour, looking at the stars in the sky.
题四:Time flies.
Many animals livein the tree.
题五:He lookedworried.
Spring comes, itgets warmer and warmer.
It is aninteresting book.
题六:I like bananas.
Who knows theanswer?
题七:Her fatherbought her a dictionary as her birthday present. / Her father bought adictionary to/for her as her birthday present.
I gave him a car./ I gave a car to him.
题八:I saw herwatering the flowers.
You should keepthe room clean and tidy.
My father asked meto come back soon.
题九:ADACD


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