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2014年牛津译林版八年级英语上册:Unit6 Birdwatching-讲义

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Unit 6 Birdwatching
重难点精讲
It’s one of the world’s most important wetlands.
句中one of 后接可数名词复数,表示什么中的一个。
题一:
翻译:
她是我好朋友中的一位。
One of the computers _____ my_____.
A. are ; father             B. is ; fathers
C. are ; father’s       D. is ; father’s
The area provides food and cover for a lot ofwildlife.
句中provide是“提供”的意思,常考短语有provide sth. for sb.结构,即“向某人提供某物”,也可用provide sb. with sth. 结构。这两者意思相同。
句中cover是“栖息地”的意思,cover作动词讲,是“遮盖;覆盖”的意思,常和介词with 连用;作名词讲,有“封面,盖子,封皮”的意思。
题二:
翻译:
他妈妈为他提供了足够的金钱。
她用双手捂住了脸。
Don’t judge a book by its cover.
We covered about 30 miles a day.
Many birds live in Zhalong all year round, whilesome go there only for a short stay.
句中all year round是“一年到头,终年;全年地”的意思。all day long是“整天,全天”的意思。
There are not many cranes left in the world, and 40per cent of them live in Zhalong.
句中per cent是“百分之...”的意思,用来表示百分比。
题三:
翻译:
马来西亚全年都很热。
一整天都在等你。
我们班上百分之八十的男孩都喜欢足球。
我百分之四十的钱都用来旅游了。
We need more people to count and describe the birds.
句中count是“计算,数”的意思。
describe是“描述,形容”的意思。是一个及物动词。
题四:
翻译:
我数了数钱,有200多美金。
你能给我描述一下你看见了什么吗?
I will be happy if I can become a member of theBirdwatching Society.
句中if “如果”,引导的是一个条件状语从句。此时if从句用一般现在时,主句用一般将来时。
if从句用一般现在时,主句用may/might/can.
If it stops snowing we can go out.
如果雪停了,我们就可以出去。
题五:
翻译:
如果他用跑的,他就会及时赶到那儿。
We hope this will help people understand theimportance of the wetlands.
回忆help的用法。
I would like to become a member of the BirdwatchingSociety and take part in activities.
take part in指参加群众性活动、会议、劳动、游行等。
题六:
翻译:
Tommy每天帮助我学习英文。
每个学生在周五都要参加运动会。
动词不定式作目的状语
我们可以用不定式来表示某一动作或状态的目的。
题七:
翻译:
他来这儿是学英语的。
她回家去吃午饭。
为了使目的意义更加清楚或表示强调意义时,还可以在前面加 in order to 或 so as to.
由 in order to 引导的目的状语,既可以置于句尾,也可以置于句首,而由 so as to 引导的目的状语,只能置于句尾,而不能置于句首。
题八:
翻译:
我写下来是为了不忘记。
我早起是为了赶上首班车。
我每天去健身是为了保持身体健康。
She went ______ her teacher.
A. to see               B.looks
C. saw                  D.seeing
Meimei likes English very much. She does her best______ English well.
A. learn             B. learning
C. to learn            D.learns
动词不定式作宾语补足语
我们还可以用动词不定式来说明宾语的情况,此时to do在句中作宾语补足语。
动词不定式作宾语补足语有带to和不带to的两种形式。
常跟to的动词有:ask, tell, want, like等。
常不跟to的动词有:感官动词see, hear, feel,watch, look 和使役动词make, have, let.
动词help后面既可带to也可以不带to.
题九:
翻译:
我想让你跟我一起去。
我哥哥让我去给他帮忙。
你可以让我先上车。
我听见他在屋子里哭了。
Robert often helps me ______ the bike.
A. fix
B. fixing
C. fixed
Robert often asks us ______ his Chinese, so hisChinese is much better than before.
A. help him              B. to help him with
C. to help with             D. helps him with
Mr. Li often teaches his American friends ______Chinese food.
A. cook             B. cooks
C. to cook             D.cooked
题十:
能力提升与拓展
MissGorgers taught physics in a New Yorkschool. Last month she explained to one of her classes about sound, and shedecided to test them to see how successful she had been in her explanation. Shesaid to them, “Now I have a brother in Los  Angeles. If I was calling him on the phone and at thesame time you were 75 feet away, listening to me from across the street, whichof you would hear what I said earlier, my brother or you and for what reason?”
Tomat once answered, “Your brother. Because electricity travels faster than soundwaves.” “That’s very good.” Miss Gorgers answered, but then one of the girlsraised her hand, and Miss Gorgers said, “Yes, Kate?”
    “Idisagree.” Kate said, “Your brother would hear you earlier because when it’s 11o’clock here it’s only 8 o’clock in Los  Angeles.”
1. Miss Gorgers was teaching her class
A. how to telephone
B. about electricity
C. about time zone (时区)
D. about sound
2. Miss Gorgers asked this question because shewanted to know whether
A. it was easy to phone to Los Angeles
B. her student could hear her from 75 feet away
C. her students had grasped (理解) her lesson
D. sound waves were slower than electricity
3. Tom thought that electricity was
A. slower than sound waves
B. faster than sound waves
C. not so fast as sound waves
D. as fast as sound waves
4. Kate thought Tom was wrong because
A. clocks in Los Angelesshowed a different time from those in New  York
B. electricity was slower than sound waves
C. Tom was not good at physics at all
D. Tom’s answer had nothing to do with sound waves
5. Whose answer do you think is correct according tothe law of physics?
A. Tom’s
B. Kate’s
C. Both A and B
D. Neither A nor B
Unit 6 Birdwatching
讲义参考答案
题一:She is one of my goodfriends. D
题二:His mother providedhim with enough money. / His mother provided enough money for him.
She covered her face with hands.
不要以貌取人。
我们一天走三十英里。
题三:Malaysia is very hotall year round.
I have been waiting for you all day long.
Eighty per cent of the boys in class like football.
I spend forty per cent of money on traveling.
题四:I counted the money.It was more than 200 US dollars.
Can you describe what you saw for me?
题五:If he runs, he will bethere in time.
题六:Tommy helps me tolearn English every day. / Tommy helps me learn English every day. / Tommyhelps me with English every day.
Every student will take part in the sports meetingon Friday.
题七:He came here to studyEnglish.
She went home to have lunch.
题八:I wrote down in ordernot to forget.
I got up early in order to catch the first bus.
I work out every day in order to keep fit. / Inorder to keep fit, I work out every day. A; C
题九:I want you to go withme.
My brother asked me to help him.
You let me get on the bus first.
I heard him cry in the house. A; B; C
题十:DCBAA h


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