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2014年牛津译林版八年级英语上册:Unit5 Wild animals-讲义

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Unit 5 Wild animals
重难点精讲
This means “hope”.
句中mean是动词,意思是“是...的意思”。
mean to do sth.的意思是“打算做某事”,或“想做某事”;
mean doing sth.的意思是“意味着…”。
题一:
翻译:
我不是有意要伤害你的。
这样做意味着浪费时间。
When Xi Wang wasborn, she weighted just 100 grams and looked like a white mouse.
be born的意思是“出生”。born + in, on等,表示“出生的时间,地点”。
题二:
翻译:
1984年3月30日我出生于旧金山。
In the beginning,Xi Wang drank her mother’s milk.
句中in the beginning意思是“开始,起初”,和at first同义。
句中的drink是动词,意思是“喝”,也可以做名词讲,意为“饮料”。
Don’t drink anddrive.
题三:
翻译:
一开始,我根本不喜欢学英语。
你想喝点什么吗?
Sadly, giantpandas face serious problems in the world.
sadly是意思是“不幸的是”,等于unfortunately.
face在句中是动词,意思“面临”。face还有“面对,面朝”的意思。
题四:
翻译:
我的房间面朝大海。
我想见面跟你聊。
Don’t escape, youshould face the music when you did something wrong.
If we do nothing,soon there may be none left.
句中left是leave是过去分词,意思是“留下的,剩下的”。
题五:
翻译:
剩下的没有什么我可以做的了。
However, we dobelieve that where there is Xi Wang, there is hope.
however作副词用时,表示“然而;但是”,可以位于句首、句中和句末。
Later however hechanged his mind.
可是他后来改变了主意。
Where there’s awill, there’s a way.
It’s a great pity!
It’s a pity意思是“真可惜,遗憾”的意思,和It’s a shame同义。   
题六:
A: I didn’t go tothe party last night.
B: Why?
A: Because it wasraining cats and dogs at that time.
A: _______________.
A. It soundsnice.      B.That’s good.  
C. What ashame!    D.See you later.
We shouldn’t buyfur coats any more.
not...any more意思是“不再”,多用于否定句,等同于not...any longer.
题七:
翻译:
我再也忍受不了你了。
It’s verydifficult for pandas to have babies.
It’s difficult forsb. to do sth.意思是“做某事对于某人来说很难”。
题八:
翻译:
这个任务对于我自己来说想要完成它简直是太难了。
期末考试对于我来说太容易了。
情态动词may的用法。
表示许可或征求对方的许可,有“可以”的意思。
表示猜测,意思是“也许,可能”。
题九:
翻译:
你可以离开了。
我可以试一下吗?
你可能是对的。
我也许再也不会相信你了。
动词不定式做宾语
当句中已经有谓语动词,而我们又要表达不止一个动作的概念时,其余的动词我们可以用非谓语动词来表达。动词不定式就是一种非谓语形式,基本结构是:to+动词原形。
不定式在句中不作谓语,所以它没有人称,数和时态的变化。
不定式在句中常做谓语动词的宾语,常见的这一类谓语动词有:同意,选择,好像,决定,计划,准备,想要,学习,忘记等。
动词不定式的否定形式是:notto+动词原形。
题十:
翻译:
我妈妈要求我和她一起去超市。
我放学后想去游泳。
我妈妈同意给我买台新电脑。
不要忘了今天晚上给花浇水。
我决定放弃了。
You must promise___________ late for school again.
A. don’t tobe         B.not late   
C. not to belate           D. don’t be late
翻译:
爸爸告诉我不要太晚睡觉。
题十一:
能力提升与拓展
    The day was like any other day in his life,Tom walked past the shop on the street corner. He stopped to look at the frontrow of shoes, and he felt happy to see that the pair of shoes he wanted verymuch were still there. Looking down, he felt sorry for himself. He reallywanted to have them for his birthday.
  He sadly walkedaway and thought how to tell his mother about it. He knew she would give himanything he liked if she could. But he also knew very well she had littlemoney. He decided not to go home at once, as he looked worried and his motherwould notice (注意) it. So he went to the park and sat onthe grass. Then he saw a boy in a wheel chair (轮椅). Henoticed that the boy moved the wheel with his hands. Tom looked at himcarefully and was surprised to see the boy have no feet. He looked at his ownfeet. “It’s much better to be without shoes thanwithout feet,” he thought. There was no reason(理由)forhim to feel so sorry and sad. He sent away and smiled, thinking he was happier.
Tom passed theshop ______.
A. on foot      B. by bus
C. by bike      D. in a car
Why did Tom stopin front of the shop? Because he wanted ______.
A. to buy theshoes
B. to look at theshoes he liked
C. to look at theshoes in the shop window
D. to look at theshoes on the front row
The pair of shoeshe liked was ______.
A. too expensive    B. quite cheap
C. not there        D. not sold yet
Tom went into thepark because he______.
A. was thinkinghow to tell his mother about it
B. wanted to seethe boy
C. didn’t want tomake his mother worried
D. he felt sad
From the story wecan know that Tom______.
A. liked new shoesvery much
B. loved hismother best
C. didn’t want togo to school
D. didn’t want tostay at home
Unit 5 Wild animals
讲义参考答案
题一:I didn’t meanto hurt you.
Doing this meanswasting time.
题二:I was born inSan Francisco on Mar. 30, 1984.
题三:In thebeginning / At first, I didn’t like studying English at all.
Would you likesomething to drink? / Would you like to drink something?
题四:My room facesto the sea.  
I want to talk toyou face to face.
不要逃脱,当你做错事时应该面对现实。
题五:There isnothing left for me to do.
题六:C
题七:I can’t standyou any more. /
I can’t stand youany longer.
题八:It’s verydifficult for me to finish the task.  
It’s very easy forme to pass the final exam.
题九:You may leavenow.  
May I have a try?
You may be right.
I may not trustyou any more.
题十:My mother askedme to go to supermarket with her.  
I want to goswimming after school.
My mother agreedto buy me a new computer.
Don’t forget towater the flowers this evening.  
I decided to giveup.
C; My father tellsme not to stay up too late.
题十一:ABDCB


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