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2014年牛津译林版八年级英语上册:Unit1 Friends-讲义(含答案)

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Unit1 Friends
重难点精讲
Can I havesomething to drink?
句中have somethingto drink意为“来点儿喝的东西”。
不定式to do做_________, 修饰something.
题一:
翻译:
吃的东西
我有很多家庭作业要做。
She is willing toshare things with her friends.
句中be willing to dosomething意为“愿意,乐意做某事”。
share somethingwith sb.的意思是“与...分享...”。
题二:
翻译:
你长大后愿意当一名医生吗?
我经常与我的好朋友分享秘密。
She always givesher seat on the bus to someone in need.
句中的someone in need意思是“有需要(帮助)的人”
题三:
翻译:
“A friend in needis a friend indeed.”
She smiles oftenand never says a bad word about anyone.
句中的word是“言语,说的话”的意思。
常考word短语:
have a word withsb.与某人谈话
in other words换句话说
in a word 总之,简言之
题四:
翻译:
换言之,如果你来的话,你会非常开心的。
总而言之,我不相信他。
What’s he like?
他是个什么样的人?
What’s sb.like?/What does sb. look like?/What does sb. like?
题五:
What’s your fatherlike?
A. He likeshistory.                B. He is tall andthin.
C. He likes eatingmeat.            D. He is a doctor.
She helps me withmy homework and she is very patient.
回忆跟help搭配的关于“帮助某人(做)某事”的句型。
题六:
翻译:
她帮助我学习英语。(三种方法)
This story was sofunny, and I couldn’t help______.
A. laugh                B. laughing   
C. to laugh             D. laughed
When I feel boredor unhappy, I often go to her.
句中bored和boring的区别:
题七:
翻译:
电视节目很无趣。
我感到很无聊。
He always make melaugh.
make sb. do something意思是“使某人干某事”。
题八:
翻译:
这个圆的眼镜让他看起来像个坏蛋。
我每个月都理发。
He is the tallestin my class.
句中,tallest是tall的最高级,意为“最高的”。
形容词比较级和最高级
    绝大多数形容词有三种形式,原级,比较级和最高级, 以表示形容词说明的性质在程度上的不同。形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在形容词的原级形式的基础上变化的。分为规则变化和不规则变化。  
规则变化如下:
1) 单音节形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在词尾加 -er 和 -est 构成。
great (原级)            (比较级)            (最高级)
2) 以 -e 结尾的单音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加 -r 和 -st 构成。
wide (原级)              (比较级)           (最高级)
3)少数以-y, -er, -ow, -ble结尾的双音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加-er 和-est 构成。
clever(原级)             (比较级)            (最高级)
4) 以 -y 结尾,但 -y 前是辅音字母的形容词的比较级和最高级是把 -y 去掉,加上 -ier 和-est 构成.
happy (原形)                (比较级)                (最高级)
5) 以一个辅音字母结尾其前面的元音字母发短元音的形容词的比较级和最高级是双写该辅音字母然后再加-er和-est。
big (原级)               (比较级)               (最高级)
6) 双音节和多音节形容词的比较级和最高级需用more 和 most 加在形容词前面来构成。
beautiful (原级)               (比较级)                        (最高级)
difficult   (原级)              (比较级)                        (最高级)
题九:
常用的不规则变化的形容词的比较级和最高级:
原级------比较级------最高级
good------
well------
ill ------
little ------
many------
much------
bad------
far------
形容词前如加 less 和 least 则表示 “较不”和 “最不”
important 重要
less important 较不重要
the leastimportant 最不重要  
形容词比较级的用法:
通常情况下,用“比较级+than”来引出比较的第二部分。
题十:
翻译:
我的卧室比你的干净。
哪个更大一点,梨还是苹果?
我们用“比较级+and+比较级”的结构来表示“越来越....”.“the +比较级, the+比较级”, 表示“越……越……”。
题十一:
翻译:
北京的天气越来越热。
越快越好。
我们用“the+最高级+比较范围”来表示在一定范围内“最...”。翻译:
题十二:
翻译:
她是我们学校最高的学生。
Maggie is my______ daughter.
A. the oldest           B.eldest   
C. older                D. the elder
比较级的常见修饰词有:far,even,a lot, rather, any, no, much等。
题十三:
翻译:
中文比英文难多了。
我现在感觉好多了。
题十四:
Which is___, LiLei or Wu Tong?
A. strong       B. strongest
C. stronger         D. the strongest
Which monthis____, June, July or August?
A. hot          B. hotter
C. hottest      D. the hottest
题十五:
Mr. King goes to a dinner party. He wears old clothes. He comes intothe room. But people there don’t look at him at all. They don’t ask him to sitat the table.
    Mr. King goes home and puts on his goodclothes. He goes back to the party. Everyone in the room stands up and smilesat him. They give him very good food to eat.
    Mr. King takes off his clothes, puts hisclothes in the food and says, “Please eat, my clothes!” The other people ask,“What are you doing?” He answers, “I’m asking my clothes to eat the food. WhenI wear old clothes, you don’t look at me. You don’t ask me to sit down. Now Iam in the good clothes and you give me the very good food. Now I see, you givethe food for my clothes, not for me!”
Mr. King goes to adinner party, but people there don’t look at him. This is because _______.
A. they don’t knowhim.                B. he is young  
C. he wears oldclothes                 D. he is old
Why does Mr. Kinggo home?
A. He wants to buya present.           B. He wants to put on his new clothes.
C. He wants to goto bed.           D. He wants to eat at home.
Mr. King goes backto the party. Why do people give him very good food to eat?
A. Because theyare very sorry.         B. Because they wear old clothes.
C. Because hewears new clothes.    D. Because he smiles at them.
Why does Mr. Kingtake off his new clothes?
A. The room isvery warm.           B. He asks his new clothes to eat the food.
C. He wants to eatthe good food.       D. The host asks him to do so.
Unit1 Friends
题一:something toeat
I have a lot ofhomework to do.
题二:Are you willingto be a doctor when you grow up?
I often sharesecrets with my good friends.
题三:患难见真情。
题四:In other words,if you come, you’ll be very happy.
题五:B
题六:She helps me(to) learn English./She helps me with my English.; B
题七:The TV programwas very boring.
I feel very bored.
题八:The roundglasses makes him look like a bad guy./This pair of glasses makes him look likea bad guy.;I have my hair cut.
题九:good------better-----best
well------better-----best
ill ------worse-----worst
little ------less-----least
many------more-----most
much------more-----most
bad------worse-----worst
far------farther-----farthest
  ------further-----furthestX
题十:My bedroom iscleaner than yours.
Which one isbigger, the pear or the apple?
题十一:The weather isgetting hotter and hotter.
The faster, thebetter./The sooner, the better.
题十二:She is thetallest student in our school.; B
题十三:Chinese is farmore difficult than English.
I feel a lotbetter.
题十四:C; D     题十五:CBCB


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