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2014-2015学年八年级上学期学情调研英语试题及答案

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2014年秋学情学情调研试卷
八年级英语
(总分:120        时间:100分钟)
第Ⅰ卷 (共60分)
一、单项选择(每题1分,计15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个可以填入句中空白处的最佳答案。
1. Thesports meetingin ourschool every year.
A. happens         B. happened         C. takes place        D. took place
2. —Whydon’t we go fishing tomorrow?   —.
A. Great           B. You’re great       C. That’s right       D. No, I don’t
3. —Doyou finish the work?  —No, but we’ll keeponuntil we make it.
A. failed           B. failing            C. tried            D. trying
4. —I borrow your phone?  —Sure.
A. May            B. Would           C. Do            D. Need
5. If wedo nothing, therenomore giant pandas.
A. will have          B. will be             C. will has         D. will be going to have
6. He runsTom.
A. as fastly as          B. as faster as          C. as fast as          D. more fast than
7.file:///C:/Users/ADMINI~1/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gifTeachers shouldtheirstudents to work hard at their lessons.
A. keep                B. make              C. let      file:///C:/Users/ADMINI~1/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif      D. advise
8. The Dead Sea isn’t really dead. , there is much salt in it.
A. At fact             B. In fact             C. On fact            D. For fact
9. Inorder to attend the meeting, I think you had betterwine.
A. not to drink             B. drink           C. don’t drink            D. not drink
10. —Judy,how heavy are you?    —Oh, no. I want to.
A. keep mine           B. keep it secret          C. keep of secret       D. keep for secret
11. —late again, Bill!     —Sorry, I won’t.
A. Don’t                B. Don’t be              C. Don’t to be            D. Not be
12.Daniel is trying toabrighter light in his bedroom.
A. put on                B. put away              C. put up             D. put in
13. Mymother oftenthe fridgemany vegetables.
A. fulls in            B. fillfile:///C:/Users/ADMINI~1/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image004.gifs,in             C. fills, with             D. fulls, with
14. —                —Sure. You can do it byyourself.
A. Is it easy to make?  B. What do you think of it?  C. How can we start?    D. He goes wrong.
15. —Shall we talk about it in English?    —? Let’s do it right away.
A. Why not?               B. Will we               C. Are you            D. Do we
二、完形填空(每题1分,计15分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。
Friends are very important in our everyday life. Everyone   16  friends.We all like to feel close to someone.   17   isnice to have a friend to talk, laugh, and do things with.     18   ,sometimes we need to be alone. We don’t always want people   19   .But we would feel lonely if we  20   had a friend.
No two people are  21  . Friends   22  don’tget on well. That doesn’t mean that they no more like each other. Most of thetime they will make up (言归于好) and become  23   again.
Sometimes friends move away. Then we feel very  24  .We miss them very much, but we can 25  them and write to them.And we can  26  new friends. It is encouraging to findout how much we like new people when we get to know them.
There’s more good news for people who have friends. They live   27  thanpeople who don’t. Why? Friends can make us feel happy.    28   happyhelps you stay well. Or it could be just done that someone cares. If some onecares about you, you take   29   care of   30   .
16. A. loves              B. hates              C. needs                     D. becomes
17file:///C:/Users/ADMINI~1/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gif.A. It                 B. He               C. There               D. Someone
18. A. Hardly                B. Nearly                C.Suddenly                   D. Certainly
19. A. alone            B. away            C. all over              D. around
20. A. ever                B. never            C. just                  D. really
21. A. friendly          B. kind                    C. just the same       D. quite different
22 A. always          B. sometimes             C. often                D. usually
23. A. friendly         B.good          file:///C:/Users/ADMINI~1/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gif   C. pleased               D. friends
24. A. angry            B. sad             C. happy              D. alone
25. A. call            B. ask               C. tell                     D. talk with
26. A. look for          B. find               C. make                 D. know
27. A. longer             B.shorter           C. slower              D. faster
28. A. Smelling        B. Being          C. Sounding               D. Making
29. A. less            B. better            C. little                D. no
30. A. you           B. your            C. yours              D. yourself
三、阅读理解 (每题2分,计30分)
A
One evening Charlie was on his way home from the railway station. When heturned round a corner, he heard footsteps behind him and he thought someone wascoming near. He began to walk fast. The footsteps came fast, too. He sloweddown. The footsteps also slowed down. Now he was sure that someone must begoing after him. He tried to hide. Still the steps followed him. He didn't know how to save himself, so he jumped over sometall grass and hid himself in a cemetery(墓地). He threwhimself down on one of tombs (坟墓).
The man behind came near. Charlie couldhear the man jump over the grass. Thoughts of thieves and robbers filled hismind. Charlie stood up and faced the man. “What do you want? Why are you comingafter me?” He asked.
“I say,” the stranger asked, “Do you always go home like this, or are youtaking some special exercise tonight? I want to go to Mr. Green’s and don’tknow the way. The station master told me to follow you as you live nfile:///C:/Users/ADMINI~1/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image005.gifextdoor. Excuse me for asking, but is there much farther to go before we getthere?”
31. That day Charlie was.
A. leaving the station for a cemetery                  B. walking slowly along the street
C. on his way to Mr. Green's house                    D. on his way back home
32. When he found someone following him,Charlie.
A. was too frightened to move                   B. stopped to ask the manwhy
C. hid himself in a cemetery                      D. knew clearly what todo
33. The stranger followed Charlie because.
A. he wanted to kill Charlie.                               B.he wanted to steal things.
C. he wanted to go to Charlie’s place.
D. he wanted to go to Mr. Green's and he didn’t know the way there.
B
  
Do you like fruit salad? Do you want to make fruit salad by  yourself? Then you can follow the steps:
  
Step1: Prepare some fresh fruit, such as strawberries, bananas,  apples and oranges. Yogurt is very important. It can make your fruit salad  more delicious. Don’t forget salad. You may choose different salad as you  wish.
  
Step2: Wash the fruit carefully. Make sure they are clean  enough.
  
Step3: Cut them in different shapes if you like. Anyway, cut  them into pieces.
  
Step 4: Put all your fruit into the plate and sprinkle some  yogurt and salad. Mix and stir.
  
Now, your delicious fruit salad is coming. Prepare your forks  andfile:///C:/Users/ADMINI~1/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gif  your mouth! Enjoy yourself!
  
34.               canmake your fruit salad more delicious.
A. Fruit                     B.Salad                             C.Yogurt                               D.Sugar
35.               isn’tmentioned in the instruction.
A. Strawberries                B. Pears                   C. Apples                   D.Oranges
36. Your fruit can be in              .
A. the same shapes and pieces            B. the same shapes and halves
C. different shapes and pieces            D. different shapes and halves
37. The best title of the passage may be                .
A. How to make fruit salad                   B. How to choose fruit
C. Delicious fruit salad                      D. Enjoy yourself
C
DIY is very popular in China now.Yang Chen works for a computer business in Beijing. Though he enjoys his work,it is hard for him to relax (放松) after work.
“For a long time, I had no choice (选择) exceptgoing to a bar for a drink and karaoke to relax myself,” he said.
One day when he saw many toy dogs in a toy shop, he had an idea. “Whynot do some kinds of things and relax myself?”Then he began to make modelplanes, model ships and something else. The things that he had made by himselfdidn’t look as professionally (专业地) made as those in the shops,but he liked doing it. “It is not as much fun to play with things which arebought expensively from the shops,” he said. Now his bookshelves are full ofmany kinds of things he has made. They are very beautiful, and his family andfriends like them very much.
More and more young people are like Yang, making file:///C:/Users/ADMINI~1/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image006.giforcreating (创造) things on their own. They like todo them themselves.[来
Though making things with our own hands may take much time, somepeople, now known as DIYers—do-it-yourselfers, enjoy doing them very much. Theycan make all kinds of things they like. DIY is becoming more and more popularin China.It may be new to the young, yet many people remember when it was a way of life.
During the 1960s and 1970s, when there were not enough livingthings for people to live on, they had to use their own hands to do manythings. Whitewashing the wall or making clothes was a part of life becausethere was no other choice. If you wanted something done, you had to do ityourself; and if you needed something, you made it yourself.
38. Yang Chen                  inhis free time in the past.
A. played computers              B. went to a bar for a drink and karaoke
C. enjoyed his work                D. made something by himselfxkb1
39. Things that Yang Chen made                  .x k
A. look as professionally made as those in the shops         B. are only model planes andships
C. are much more expensive than those in the shops        D. are popular with his family andfriends
40. Which of the following is TRUEaccording to the passage
A. DIY is becoming more and more popular in China.
B. More and more people begin to make model planes.
C. Between the 1960s and 1970s, people liked making thingsthemselves.
D. More and more young people are like Yang Chen.
41. The main idea of the passage is                  .
A. Yang Chen has a new hobby               B. how young people create newthings
C. DIY is a good way of lifefile:///C:/Users/ADMINI~1/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image005.gif               D. DIY was a part of life in thepast
D
There are many kinds of tigers allover the world, and the largest tiger is Northeast Tiger. Most Northeast Tigerslive in the northeast of China,like Heilongjiang Province and Jilin Province.Because there are many forests and mountains, the tigers usually like livingthere. In the forests and mountains, there are fewer people getting out andcoming in. So the tigers are very free. They can run after eachother, catch and eat some small animals, like rabbits and deer.
   The Northeast Tiger are different from theordinary tigers. For example, the Northeast Tigers can swim very well, butcan’t climb the trees. The Northeast Tigers’ hearing is the best, and no matterhow low the sound is they can hear it.
   As the number of the tigers becomes smallerand smaller, we should protect the tigers as well as we can from now on.
42. MostNortheast Tiger enjoy living.
A. in the grass fields and by therivers             B.in the forests and mountains
C. in the deserts and on thehills                  D. onthe farmlands and big trees  
43. Thesmall animals are afraid of tigers.
A. to catch them for dinners                      B. to leave them for longtime
C. not to live with them                          D. to hear themplaying     
44. Theunderlined words “run after” means.
A.尾随             B. 追逐                C. 追求                 D. 伺候        
45. Whichof the followings about Northeast Tigers is TRUE?
A. They are good at swimming andclimbing trees.     B.They can only hear loud voice.
C. They can’t climb trees but havethe best hearing.  
D. We protect tigers because theybecome morefile:///C:/Users/ADMINI~1/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image004.gifandmore.
第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题,共60分)
四、任务型阅读(每题1分,计10分)
阅读下面短文,根据短文内容完成表格中所缺信息,每空一词。
Ladies and gentlemen,
Very glad to have all of you here. First, let me introduce Junshan Park to you. It is one of the largestparks in Yueyang. The ticket for an adult is 80 yuan. The children over 1.20 metersin height can pay half of the price, and the ones under 1.20 meters can enterthe park for free. The park is open from 9.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. on weekdays and from 8.30 a.m. to 6.30 p.m. at weekends.
By the way, while visiting the park, you mustn’t play with fire.That would be very dangerous. A terrible fire might break out. You mustn’t feedthe animals. Besides, you mustn’t throw rubbish around, either.
  
Kinds of people
  
      48     
Open time
Warnings
An    46   
80 yuan
On    51  :
  
9.00   a.m.—6.00 p.m.
  
At   52   :
  
8.30   a.m.—6.30 p.m.
Do not play with  53  .
  
Do not   54  the animals.
  
Do not throw  55 around.
A child over 1.20 meters kb  1
    49   yuanx
A child   47    1.20 meters
doesn’t have to  50   
五、词汇(每题1分,计25分)
A.根据句意和提示写出单词,完成句子,每空一词。
56. Hesent me a rose last month, but I didn’t(接受) it.
57. Ilike the films with(完美的) endings best.
58. Canyou cut out a picture of colourful(气球)?
59. —What’sDIY(确切地), Suzy? —It stands for “do-it-yourself”.
60. Our(政府) is making laws to protect our farmland..
B.根据句意用所给单词的适当形式填空。每空一词。
61. Whenyou are in a bit city, you may get(lose) easily.
62. —Howlong do you spend(plan) the day out?  —About two days.
63. Thehunter(catch)the tiger because he thought it was dangerous to him.
64. Simonand Linda kept their secret to(they) that day.
65. Youranswer is(correct),you need to do it again.
C.根据句意用所给动词的适当形式填空。
66. Atlast my mother decided(make)many paper flowers.
67. Couldyou please(cheer)for our team? We won’t win without your support.
68. Suzydoesn’t enjoy(face)many serious problems.
69. Weneed more people(count)and describe the birds.
70. I (stick) a picture on thecard and sent it to my mother.
D.根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整,每空一词。
Of all the animals, I like elephants b  71  .They are the biggest living animals on land. T  72  aretwo kinds of elephants: Indian elephants and African elephants. Indianelephants are smaller t  73  African elephants, and they have muchsmaller ears. Elephants have to eat a lot b 74  they are so big. Oneelephant usually eats between 75 and 150 kilograms of grass a day! They can l  75  tobe between 60 and 70 years old. A baby elephant is the biggest baby animal onland. A new baby’s w  76  is around one hundred kilograms. Babyelephants are very strong. They can walk about almost a   77  birth.They have to learn h  78  to drink water. They like to play. Theylike to run in and out and all around their mothers’ big legs. A littleelephant also likes to play games. For e 79  , it likes to hide behindsomething and cry out. By doing so, it wants i  80  motherto look for it.
六、写作
A.根据所给提示将下列各句译成英语。(每题2分,计10分)
81、许多动物处境危险,因为它们的居住空间越来越少。
Many animals arebecause they haveliving space.
82、她不仅很会演奏,而且还会作曲。
Sheplays well, writesmusic.
83AndrewDIY着迷而不是踢足球。
Andrew isDIYplayingfootball.
84、他没有认真听。结果,他犯了个错误。
He didn’t listen carefully. , he.
85、那个老人一年到头一个人住,我们都同情他。
That old man lives aloneand we allhim.
B.书面表达15分)
假如你是Millie,请你根据以下的内容,用英语写一封邀请信,词数:90词左右。
1、请你的网友Daniel一起参加你们学校下周五的旅游。
2、计划一天的旅游:早上七点在学校门口碰头,乘两个小时的长途汽车,到达世界公园,那里有来自世界各地的一百多个名胜古迹,他们将游览金字塔、金门大桥、埃菲尔铁塔等。(the Pyramids, the Golden Gate Bridge, the Eiffel Tower)
3、中午将乘船游玩,并在船上用餐。
4、大约在下午五点回来,旅行会很累,但很开心。
5、你们一定会为每个人安排好愉快的一天,如果他来,请尽快让你知file:///C:/Users/ADMINI~1/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gif道,你希望他能参加。
DearDaniel,
I’m writing to invite you to join our school trip.                                                   
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                               
                                                                                             
       Bestwishes.
                                                                                                                   Yours,
                                                                                                                    Millie

八年级英语学情调查参考答案
第Ⅰ卷 (共60分)
一、单项选择
1-5  CADAB      6-10  CDBDB       11-15  BDCAA
二、完型填空
16-20  CADDB      21-25  CBDBA       26-30 CABBD
三、阅读理解
31-35  DCDCB      36-40  CABDA       41-45  CBABC
第Ⅱ卷(共60分)
四、任务型阅读
46. adult       47.under      48. Prices   49. 40      50. pay
51. weekdays   52. weekends   53. fire     54. feed     55. rubbish
五、词汇
56. accept     57. perfect    58. balloons    59. exactly     60. government
61. lost       62. planning   63. caught     64. themselves  65. incorrect
66. to make    67. cheer     68. facing     69. to count     70. stuck
71. best       72. There     73. than       74. because     75. live
76. weight     77. at        78.how       79. example    80. its
六、写作
A. 根据所给提示将下列各句译成英语
81. in danger ; less andless     82. not only ; but also   83. crazy about ; instead of
84. As a result ; made a mistake  85. all year round ; have/take pity on
B. 书面表达(计15分)
Dear Daniel,
       I’m writing to inviteyou to join our school trip. We will have our school trip to the World Parknext Friday. We’ll meet at the school gate at 7.00 a.m. It will take us two hours to get there bycoach. There are over one hundred places of interest from all over the world.We’ll visit the Pyramids, the Golden GateBridge, the Eiffel Towerand so on. We’ll take a boat trip at noon and have lunch in the boat. We’llcome back at 5.00 p.m. The trip will be tiring but very happy. We’ll make it areally fun day for everyone.
If youwant to come, please let me know as soon as possible. I hope you can join us.
       Best wishes.
                                                                                                                   Yours,
                                                                                                                      Millie


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