发新帖
开启左侧

今儿来聊聊8大英语时态

[复制链接]
1348 1
本帖最后由 小亚老师 于 2018-5-4 20:13 编辑

13.gif
8大英语时态
时态是在英语学习中至关重要的一个内容,很多学生在实际应用的过程中总是会产生各种各样的问题。为了方便学生们学习,今儿特为大家总结一下初中阶段学习的八大时态。希望此文章能对学生们时态的学习及复习起到帮助作用!
一、一般现在时

基本结构:动词原形  ② 主语三单:动词原形+s/es

三种常考基本用法:


1、经常性和习惯性动作   Eg. I always get up early.

2、客观事实和普遍真理   Eg. The earth goes around the sun.

3、在时间状语从句及条件状语从句中,一般现在表将来  If it doesn't rain, we will have a picnic.

其中,第三种用法就是学生们熟知的"主将从现"的原则,这一点大家务必掌握,此知识点会在初二学习,同时也是中考重要考点。

常见时间状语:always, usually, often, sometimes, every day, on Sundays, at weekends, once a week, twice a month, etc.

二、一般过去时

基本结构:动词的过去式

基本用法:

1、过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态    Eg. I got up late yesterday.

2、过去习惯性、经常性的动作     Eg. When I was in the countryside, I often swam in the river.

常见时间状语:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week (year, night, month…), in 1986, just now, at the age of 10, at that time, once upon a time, etc.

三、一般将来时

基本结构:am/is/are/going to + do;    ② will/shall + do.

基本用法1:  am/is/are/going to + do

1、(人) 计划打算做某事    Eg. I'm going to go shopping with my mom tomorrow.

2、(事) 即将发生   Eg. Look at the clouds, it's going to rain.

基本用法2:will/shall do

1、将来的动作和状态(相对较长远)   Eg. You'll have your own house in the future.

2、礼貌询问、客气邀请  Eg. Will you go with me?

3、意愿  Eg. I will do it for you.

常见时间状语:tomorrow, next day (week, month, year…), soon, the day after tomorrow, in+时间段(格外注意),etc.

四、现在进行时  

基本结构:am/is/are+现在分词

基本用法:

1、此时此刻正在进行的动作
Eg. I am writing a letter now.

2、现阶段正在进行的动作  Eg. I am reading a book these days.

常见时间状语:now, at this time, these days, etc.

五、过去进行时

基本结构:was/were+现在分词

基本用法:

1、过去某时刻正在进行的动作 Eg. He was playing computer games when his father came home.

2、过去某时段正在进行的动作   Eg. He was doing his homework while his mother was cooking.

常见时间状语:
at this time yesterday, at that time或以when引导的谓语动词是一般过去时的时间状语等。

六、过去将来时

基本结构:
was/were/going to + do;    ② would/should + do.

基本用法:

从过去时间点看将来,常用于宾语从句中。 Eg. He said that he would marry her.

常见时间状语:the next day (morning, year…), the following month (week…), etc.

七、现在完成时

基本结构:have/has + 过去分词

基本用法:

1、过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果   Eg. I have finished my homework.

2、过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态  Eg. We have waited for her for 2 hours.

常见时间状语:recently, lately, so far, up to now, since+时间点,for+时间段, in the past few years, etc.

现在完成时是考试中的重点也是难点,同学们需要格外加强。

特别注意瞬间动词延续性动词转化问题,具体会在课程中详细讲解,在此不加以赘述。

八、过去完成时

基本结构:had + 过去分词

基本用法:以过去某个时间为标准,在此以前发生的动作或行为,即"过去的过去"

Eg. Just before the English class, I suddenly realized that I had left my English textbook at home.

常见时间状语:before, after, by the end of last year(month…),etc.
14.jpg


手机扫描预览

举报 使用道具

回复

精彩评论1

admin  管理员  发表于 2018-6-2 21:37:04 | 显示全部楼层
很好,谢谢老师的分享

举报 使用道具

回复 支持 反对
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册

本版积分规则

更多

全国客服

4008-120-580 周一至周日8:30-21:00
快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表